ESD control programs are essential whenever a facility is using ESDS parts or equipment.

NASA space programs are specifically concerned about ESD since accessibility to the completed assembly or project is costly or non-existent. Unlike conventional electronic hardware that may be easily disassembled and repaired, space projects are launched and are not always retrievable. The high cost of space projects and lack of accessibility after launch warrants the need for strict controls in all phases of the project.

ESD Control Programs shall meet both administrative and technical requirements.

The primary objective of a Program is to provide continuous ESD protection and should be tailored as necessary. The following administration requirements should be followed:

  • Develop and maintain an ESD program plan
  • Develop a training program
    • Why Training?
      • To understand the fundamentals of static electricity.
      • To control and prevent ESD in areas with ESD Sensitive (ESDS) parts/assemblies.
      • To become familiar with methods for protecting ESDS parts / assemblies.
  • Establish a compliance verification and validation plan

The following technical requirements should be followed:

  • Use grounding/bonding systems
  • Use personnel grounding
  • Establish ESD protected areas
  • Use proper packaging techniques
  • Appropriately mark all ESD sensitive items
  • Use proper AC powered equipment
  • Use proper handling procedures