Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a methodology for analyzing potential reliability problems early in the development cycle where it is easier to take actions to overcome these issues, thereby enhancing reliability through design.
FMEA is used to identify potential failure modes, determine their effect on the operation of the product, and identify actions to mitigate the failures. A crucial step is anticipating what might go wrong with a product. While anticipating every failure mode is not possible, the development team should formulate as extensive a list of potential failure modes as possible.
Below you can see an example of FMEA worksheet:
Figure 1: FMEA example.
Failures of any kind are not tolerated in today’s global economy. Identifying and eliminating - or reducing - them as early as possible saves money and time, besides improving the quality and reliability of a product. Then, FMEA is applyed since it is used in the development cycle, reducing the probability of occurring any failure before the product is launched.
There are several benefits of using FMEA. See the presentation below and learn about them: